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The forgotten stanzas of the Bayamo Hymn

Published: 2016.09.26 - 17:22:41   /  web@renciclopedia.icrt.cu  /  Juan Blas Rodríguez  /  translated by  Luis E. Amador Dominguez  /luis.amador@renciclopedia.icrt.cu
  

The forgotten stanzas of the Bayamo Hymn The original score and lyrics of the National Anthem of Cuba, which was created by Bayamo’s revolutionary Pedro "Perucho" Figueredo, are comprised of six stanzas or quatrains of twenty four verses.

The original lyrics of the Bayamesa Hymn was as follows:

Run to battle, men of Bayamo!
The motherland looks proudly to you;
Do not fear a glorious death,
Because to die for the motherland is to live.
To live in chains is to live
Mired in shame and disgrace,
From the bugle hear the sound;
Run, brave ones, to battle!
Fear not; the fierce Iberian
Are cowards as every tyrant
Do not resist the angry Cuban
Forever their empire fell.
Free Cuba! Spain already died,
Their power and pride, where did it go?
From the bugle hear the sound
Run, brave ones, to battle!
Behold our triumphant troops
Behold them that have fallen
As cowards they flee defeated:
As braves, we knew how to triumph!
Free Cuba! We can shout
At the cannon's terrible boom.
From the bugle hear the sound,
Run, brave ones, to battle!


When the National Anthem of Cuba was made official, and once the Motherland became independent, the stanzas condemning nearly four centuries of indignities and crimes of the colonial yoke of Spain were deleted, because it was considered that thereafter they hurt the sensitivity of the Spanish people, to whom Cubans have always been very united by ties of blood and culture, and could not forget that many Spaniards joined the Liberation Army and some of them were high-ranking officers.

The original scores of the hymn disappeared in the fire of Bayamo, but the author repeated the writing of the score for voice and piano at the request of a friend, and this, also original, is preserved in the funds of the National Museum of Music, and is displayed to the public in each commemoration.

The museum also treasures a collection of scores and recordings of the Anthem in different media such as cylinders and phonograph records, perforated plate discs in music boxes that are displayed in each event, where people sing the National Anthem as follows:

Run to battle, men of Bayamo!
The motherland looks proudly to you;
Do not fear a glorious death,
Because to die for the motherland is to live.

To live in chains is to live
Mired in shame and disgrace,
From the bugle hear the sound;
Run, brave ones, to battle!

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