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What is adrenaline?

Published: 2017.05.24 - 16:30:33   /  web@renciclopedia.icrt.cu  /  Juan Blas Rodríguez  /  translated by  Luis E. Amador Dominguez  /luis.amador@renciclopedia.icrt.cu
  

Also known as epinephrine, adrenaline is a hormone secreted in the medulla of the adrenal glands, which rest on both kidneys.

Adrenaline is released in response to a stressful situation, increasing the frequency and strength of heart contractions, which facilitates the flow of blood - and therefore glucose - into the muscles and brain.

These and other complementary reactions prepare the body to fight or flee from a situation of real or imaginary danger. If over-produced, epinephrine causes anxiety attacks.

The drug: The hormone was described in 1901 by the Japanese Jokichi Takamine and three years later it was synthesized by the German botanist Stoolz. Today, epinephrine is used in the infarct treatment, anaphylactic stock, bronchial asthma and glaucoma.

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