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Cuba, steps of computerization

Published: 2017.07.26 - 10:19:13   /  /  Dra. Ana Teresa Badía Valdés  /  translated by  Luis E. Amador Dominguez  /

Cuba, steps of computerizationThe policy for consolidating the computerization of Cuban society suggests the establishment of a national platform that increasingly encourages the generation of content and guarantees its socialization, especially with a view to strengthening the identity and preservation of social values.

This aspiration implies the overcoming of human capital as well as the empowerment of citizen access to the use and appropriation of new technologies. It also leads to a multi-pronged approach: computerization to ensure sustainable socio-economic development, use of Internet, social media, and the generation of alternatives for socializing content.

The management of new capabilities for access to wireless technologies, the integration and orderly use of institutional data networks in priority sectors such as health, education and culture, with specialized services such as INFOMED, RIMED, ECURED and CUBARTE. It also includes the development of video games and multimedia with educational and historical content.

The computerization of society includes the digitization of the processes amongst which Digital Terrestrial Television stands out as one of the most advanced. On the other hand, the opening of public navigation rooms cannot be overlooked, as a previous step in the widespread growth of data services that allow the commercialization of broadband access (access to Internet faster and more efficiently).

It should be noted that the Greater Antilles already has almost three million users with access to the networks, which covers institutional platforms, emails and Internet.

These and other proposals are the result of the gradual implementation of projects that are part of the national computer platform Red Cuba, which is designed to ensure the presence of content produced by the nation with quality, diversity and representation.

Some figures and facts of computerization in Cuba

Cuba recorded almost 4 million Internet users in 2015, adding more than 864,000 in that period, for a population of 11.2 million, according to data from the National Bureau of Statistics and Information (ONEI).

More than half a million people access email via mobile phones.

The introduction of digital terrestrial TV has involved significant investments during 2013 and 2014.

More than 1,300,000 people, by the end of May, had visited 610 Joven Club in Cuba. The impact of technological parks such as El Bosque in Camagüey, and six others in the country, is also highlighted as different spaces to make use of new technologies. The project ¨Mi mochila¨, which is an audiovisual content package for personal download, has been acquired by more than one hundred thousand people.

Until 2015, the nation had more than 600 public access centers and more than 30 WI-FI zones.

Since 2002, the University of Computer Science (UCI) was founded, and it was conceived as a project to contribute to the computerization of Cuban society, with an emphasis on software production. That institution of studies has graduated about 14 thousand engineers.

The universities, agriculture and the National Bank of Cuba show a sustainable growth from the use of Internet oriented to social development.

Other results include the opening of the C.U.B.A service platform, which includes the Cuban Web search engine, and the expansion of the EcuRed Collaborative Encyclopedia.

In the health sector, for example, a pilot test of the Digital Clinical History project is carried out with the computerization of this system in 25 hospitals during the year and the first steps are taken in the computerization of pharmacies.

Last year the first factory of tablets and laptops was opened in the country, as part of the Industrial Company for Information Technology, Communications and Electronics (Gedeme), with a production capacity of 120 thousand units per year.

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